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Top 10 Indian Mathematicians and their Contributions

It is no doubt that the world today is greatly indebted to the contributions made by Indian mathematicians. One of the most important contribution made by them was the introduction of decimal system as well as the invention of zero. Here are some the famous Indian mathematicians dating back from Indus Valley civilization and Vedas to Modern times.

- Aryabhata

Aryabhata worked on the place value system using letters to signify numbers and stating qualities. He discovered the position of nine planets and stated that these planets revolve around the sun. He also stated the correct number of days in a year that is 365.

- Brahmagupta

The most significant contribution of Brahmagupta was the introduction of zero(0) to the mathematics which stood for “nothing”.

- Srinivasa Ramanujan

Srinivasa Ramanujan is one of the celebrated Indian mathematicians. His important contributions to the field include Hardy-Ramanujan-Littlewood circle method in number theory, Roger-Ramanujan’s identities in partition of numbers, work on algebra of inequalities, elliptic functions, continued fractions, partial sums and products of hypergeometric series.

- P.C. Mahalanobis

Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis is the founder of Indian Statistical Institute as well as the National Sample Surveys for which he gained international recognition.

- C.R. Rao

Calyampudi Radhakrishna Rao, popularly known as C R Rao is a well known statistician, famous for his “theory of estimation”.

- D. R. Kaprekar

D. R. Kaprekar discovered several results in number theory, including a class of numbers and a constant named after him. Without any formal mathematical education he published extensively and was very well known in recreational mathematics cricle.

- Harish Chandra

Harish Chandra is famously known for infinite dimensional group representation theory.

- Satyendranath Bose

Known for his collaboration with Albert Einstein. He is best known for his work on quantum mechanics in the early 1920s, providing the foundation for Bose–Einstein statistics and the theory of the Bose–Einstein condensate.

- Bhāskara
Bhāskara was the one who declared that any number divided by zero is infinity and that the sum of any number and infinity is also infinity. He is also famous for his book “Siddhanta Siromani”.

- Narendra Karmarkar
Narendra Karmarkar is known for his Karmarkar’s algorithm. He is listed as an highly cited researcher by Institute for Scientific Information.


  1. Math grad student says:

    I’d put C.S.Seshadri(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/C._S._Seshadri) or his frequent collaborator M.S.Narsimhan(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/M_S_Narasimhan) above Karmarkar.

    • Sri Lakkoju Sanjeevaraya Sharma
      Renowned Mathematics Genius, who won 13 Gold Medals worldwide, and blind by birth.

      In one Avadhaanam Sanjeevaraya Sharma has given answer to the question “2 to the Power of 103″ with in seconds, the resultant number has 32 digits. But he is not a educated person and even He is a blind by birth. He has conducted around 6000 Ganitha avadhaanas across the world.

      Sanjeevaraya Sharma born on 22nd Novemebr 1907 in Kadapa District Kallur village.

      He was Identified as a blind child when he is born ,so People around told just put a “Vadla ginja” in his mouth to kill him, he servived Even after doing that.

      He gain all the knowledge by just listening. In his time there is no Braille system to which helps blind people for reading.He was listening to his sister whenever she reads the lessons taught in School. Without knowing how 1,2,3 digits looks he became Ganitha Brahma.He learned the Voileen also.

      Anibisent,Nehru,Rajendra Prasad and Shakunthala Devi all saw his Avadhanams. Shakunthala Devi agreed that he is talented than her. Once British ViceRoy told If he would have Born in Our Country We could have worshipped him by placing his Idol in the center of the City.

      He is also known as Anka VidyaSagara, Vishwa Sankhya Acharya.

      In his last days he spent his time in the Premises of Kala Hasti Eeshwara Temple by Playing the Voileen. He died on Dec 2nd 1997.

      Through out his life he lived in Poverty.

      He is one among the world’s top most 6 Mathematicians.

  2. Sierra Bravo says:

    I’d suggest the authors of the “PRIMES is in P” paper, Manindra Agrawal, Neeraj Kayal and Nitin Saxena from IIT Kanpur, who won the 2006 Gödel Prize and the 2006 Fulkerson Prize, for this work.

  3. Ajay Tulsyan says:

    really very helpful article.. the contribution of Top 10 Indian mathematicians have been explained very nicely, that too in concise manner.. it really helped me a great deal in preparing my project on Indian Mathematicians.. thanks a lot !

  4. rushi patel says:

    where’s ramanujan?

  5. this helped me in homework

  6. ashutoshteotia says:

    the perfect history of indian mathematics . i am very proud of mynation

  7. S.Indrababu says:

    It is indeed a great pity that the ‘human computer’ Sakuntala Devi has been left out here.

  8. Rohan Somai says:

    this is perfect but
    the shakuntala devi is left

    • Jowhar Shareef says:

      Shakunthala Devi was a child prodigy and was able to do great mathematical calculation in a short time,But she cannot be considered as a mathematician because she has not contributed anything to mathematics… :)

  9. Harikrishnan.R says:

    The difference between genious and stupidity is that genious has its own limits

  10. Jowhar Shareef says:

    This was really helpful for me to do my projects in school as this websitegives the top ten Indian Mathematicians with a small description rather than Hundreds of Mathematicians(like Wikipedia)….


  11. well. but keep top 20 mathematicians of India.

  12. nice but Shakuntla devi is left you must add her also

  13. sumaiya adam arora says:

    these all 10 mathematicians are very famous especially srinivasa ramanjunam

  14. Dr vashishth narayan singh from basantpur,arah,patna ,bihar is the greatest indian mathematician alive.who r the people mentioned after rank5?

  15. this helped me in completing my speech on mathematics week

  16. Ayashkanta Mishra says:

    I accept that Shakuntala Devi has not Contributed any thing for the betterment of Mathematics but, she is considered as the human computer and her inspiring books will very well build the foundation of many other budding mathematicians!!!!

  17. ramdas.m.hole says:

    Information about maths and mathematicans is great one and their work also praiseful l am pleased for their contribution

  18. I think this list should be even more perfect when shakuntala devi’s name is added in it . Except this thing the list is perfect .

  19. t.sireesha says:

    thank u for giving information about the top 10 indian mathematicians

  20. t.sireesha says:

    I think sakunthaladevi is also one of the top most indian mathematician

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