It is no doubt that the world today is greatly indebted to the contributions made by Indian mathematicians. One of the most important contribution made by them was the introduction of decimal system as well as the invention of zero. Here are some the famous Indian mathematicians dating back from Indus Valley civilization and Vedas to Modern times.

- Aryabhata

Aryabhata worked on the place value system using letters to signify numbers and stating qualities. He discovered the position of nine planets and stated that these planets revolve around the sun. He also stated the correct number of days in a year that is 365.

- Brahmagupta

The most significant contribution of Brahmagupta was the introduction of zero(0) to the mathematics which stood for “nothing”.

- Srinivasa Ramanujan

Srinivasa Ramanujan is one of the celebrated Indian mathematicians. His important contributions to the field include Hardy-Ramanujan-Littlewood circle method in number theory, Roger-Ramanujan’s identities in partition of numbers, work on algebra of inequalities, elliptic functions, continued fractions, partial sums and products of hypergeometric series.

- P.C. Mahalanobis

Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis is the founder of Indian Statistical Institute as well as the National Sample Surveys for which he gained international recognition.

- C.R. Rao

Calyampudi Radhakrishna Rao, popularly known as C R Rao is a well known statistician, famous for his “theory of estimation”.

- D. R. Kaprekar

D. R. Kaprekar discovered several results in number theory, including a class of numbers and a constant named after him. Without any formal mathematical education he published extensively and was very well known in recreational mathematics cricle.

- Harish Chandra

Harish Chandra is famously known for infinite dimensional group representation theory.

- Satyendranath Bose

Known for his collaboration with Albert Einstein. He is best known for his work on quantum mechanics in the early 1920s, providing the foundation for Bose–Einstein statistics and the theory of the Bose–Einstein condensate.

- Bhāskara

Bhāskara was the one who declared that any number divided by zero is infinity and that the sum of any number and infinity is also infinity. He is also famous for his book “Siddhanta Siromani”.

- Narendra Karmarkar

Narendra Karmarkar is known for his Karmarkar’s algorithm. He is listed as an highly cited researcher by Institute for Scientific Information.

I’d put C.S.Seshadri(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/C._S._Seshadri) or his frequent collaborator M.S.Narsimhan(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/M_S_Narasimhan) above Karmarkar.

Sri Lakkoju Sanjeevaraya Sharma

Renowned Mathematics Genius, who won 13 Gold Medals worldwide, and blind by birth.

In one Avadhaanam Sanjeevaraya Sharma has given answer to the question “2 to the Power of 103″ with in seconds, the resultant number has 32 digits. But he is not a educated person and even He is a blind by birth. He has conducted around 6000 Ganitha avadhaanas across the world.

Sanjeevaraya Sharma born on 22nd Novemebr 1907 in Kadapa District Kallur village.

He was Identified as a blind child when he is born ,so People around told just put a “Vadla ginja” in his mouth to kill him, he servived Even after doing that.

He gain all the knowledge by just listening. In his time there is no Braille system to which helps blind people for reading.He was listening to his sister whenever she reads the lessons taught in School. Without knowing how 1,2,3 digits looks he became Ganitha Brahma.He learned the Voileen also.

Anibisent,Nehru,Rajendra Prasad and Shakunthala Devi all saw his Avadhanams. Shakunthala Devi agreed that he is talented than her. Once British ViceRoy told If he would have Born in Our Country We could have worshipped him by placing his Idol in the center of the City.

He is also known as Anka VidyaSagara, Vishwa Sankhya Acharya.

In his last days he spent his time in the Premises of Kala Hasti Eeshwara Temple by Playing the Voileen. He died on Dec 2nd 1997.

Through out his life he lived in Poverty.

He is one among the world’s top most 6 Mathematicians.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lakkoju_Sanjeevaraya_Sharma

I’d suggest the authors of the “PRIMES is in P” paper, Manindra Agrawal, Neeraj Kayal and Nitin Saxena from IIT Kanpur, who won the 2006 Gödel Prize and the 2006 Fulkerson Prize, for this work.

really very helpful article.. the contribution of Top 10 Indian mathematicians have been explained very nicely, that too in concise manner.. it really helped me a great deal in preparing my project on Indian Mathematicians.. thanks a lot !

where’s ramanujan?

this helped me in homework

the perfect history of indian mathematics . i am very proud of mynation

It is indeed a great pity that the ‘human computer’ Sakuntala Devi has been left out here.

this is perfect but

the shakuntala devi is left

Shakunthala Devi was a child prodigy and was able to do great mathematical calculation in a short time,But she cannot be considered as a mathematician because she has not contributed anything to mathematics…

The difference between genious and stupidity is that genious has its own limits

This was really helpful for me to do my projects in school as this websitegives the top ten Indian Mathematicians with a small description rather than Hundreds of Mathematicians(like Wikipedia)….

Cheers!

well. but keep top 20 mathematicians of India.