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List of Famous Mathematicians

NameDatesNationalityKnown For
Abraham De Moivre26 May 1667 – November 27, 1754French De Moivre's formula, Theorem of de Moivre–Laplace
Ada Lovelace10 December 1815 – 27 November 1852English Analytical Engine
Al-Khwarizmic. 780 – c. 850 ADIranianTreatises on Algebra and Indian Numerals
Alan Turing23 June 1912 – 7 June 1954British Cryptanalysis of the Enigma, Turing machine, Turing test
Albert Einstein14 March 1879 – 18 April 1955GermanGeneral Relativity and Special Relativity
Albertus Magnusbefore 1200 – November 15, 1280German 
Alexander Grothendieck28 March 1928 – 13 November 2014German-born FrenchAlgebraic Geometry
Alfred North Whitehead15 February 1861 – 30 December 1947English Principia Mathematica 
Andrew Wiles19460British Proving Fermat's Last Theorem
Archimedesc. 287 BC – c. 212 BCGreekArchimedes' Principle, Archimedes' Screw, Hydrostatics, Levers, Infinitesimals
Aristotlec. 384 – c. 322 BCGreekGolden Mean, Aristotelian Logic, Syllogism, Hexis, Hylomorphism, Theory of the soul
Arthur Cayley16 August 1821 – 26 January 1895BritishAlgebraic Geometry, Group Theory, Cayley–Hamilton Theorem, Cayley–Dickson Construction
Aryabhatac. 476 – c. 550 CEIndianExplanation of Lunar Eclipse and Solar Eclipse, Rotation of Earth on its Axis
Augustin-Louis Cauchy21 August 1789 – 23 May 1857French Pioneer of Analysis
Augustus De Morgan27 June 1806 – 18 March 1871BritishDe Morgan's Laws, De Morgan Algebra, Relation Algebra, Universal Algebra
Benjamin BannekerNovember 9, 1731 – October 9, 1806American
Bernhard RiemannSeptember 17, 1826 – July 20, 1866GermanContributions to Analysis, Number Theory, Differential Geometry
Bertrand Russell18 May 1872 – 2 February 1970BritishMultiple Things
Blaise Pascal19 June 1623 – 19 August 1662FrenchPascal's Wager, Pascal's Triangle, Pascal's Law, Pascal's Theorem
Brahmaguptac. 598–c.670 ADIndianZero, Modern Number System
Brook Taylor18 August 1685 – 29 December 1731EnglishTaylor's Theorem
Carl Friedrich Gauss30 April 1777 – 23 February 1855GermanMultiple Things
Charles Babbage26 December 1791 – 18 October 1871EnglishFather of Computer
Daniel Bernoulli8 February 1700 – 17 March 1782Swiss Bernoulli's Principle
David Hilbert23 January 1862 – 14 February 1943GermanHilbert's Basis Theorem, Hilbert's Axioms, Hilbert's Problems, Hilbert's Program, Einstein–Hilbert Action, Hilbert Space
Democritusc. 460 – c. 370 BCAncient Greek
Diophantusc. 250 – c.  350 ADGreekArithmetica
Edmund Halley8 November 1656 – 14 January 1742EnglishHalley's Comet
Edward Lorenz23 May 1917 – 16 April 2008AmericanChaos Theory, Lorenz Attractor, Butterfly Effect
Edward Witten18866American String Theory, M-Theory, Quantum Gravity, Quantum Field Theory, Supersymmetry
Emanuel LaskerDecember 24, 1868 – January 11, 1941German Mathematical Analysis of Card Games
Eratosthenesc. 276 BC – c. 194 BCGreekFirst Person to Calculate the Circumference of the Earth
EuclidMid-4th century BC – Mid-3rd century BCGreekEuclidean Geometry, Euclid's Elements, Euclidean Algorithm
Évariste Galois25 October 1811 – 31 May 1832French Work on the Theory of Equations and Abelian Integrals
Felix Klein25 April 1849 – 22 June 1925GermanWorks in Group Theory, Complex Analysis, Non-Euclidean Geometry
Filippo Brunelleschic. 1377 – April 15, 1446ItalianDome of Santa Maria del Fiore
G.H. HardyFebruary 1877 – 1 December 1947English Hardy-Weinberg Principle, Hardy–Ramanujan Asymptotic Formula
Gaspard Monge9 May 1746 – 28 July 1818French Descriptive Geometry
Georg CantorMarch 3, 1845 – January 6, 1918GermanSet Theory
George Boole2 November 1815 – 8 December 1864English Boolean Algebra
Giuseppe Peano27 August 1858 – 20 April 1932ItalianPeano Axioms, Peano Curve, Peano Existence Theorem, Formulario Mathematico, Latino Sine Flexione
Gottfried LeibnizJuly 1, 1646 – November 14, 1716GermanCalculus, Monads, Best of all Possible Worlds, Leibniz Formula for π, Leibniz Harmonic Triangle
Gottlob Frege8 November 1848 – 26 July 1925GermanPrinciple of Compositionality, Quantification Theory, Predicate Calculus
Grace Murray HopperDecember 9, 1906 – January 1, 1992American Invented First Compiler
Grigori Perelman24271RussianRiemannian Geometry, Geometric Topology, Proof of the Poincaré Conjecture
Henri Poincaré29 April 1854 – 17 July 1912FrenchPoincaré Conjecture
Heron Of Alexandriac. 10 – c. 70 ADGreekAeolipile
Hipparchusc. 190 – c. 120 BCGreekFounder of Trigonometry
Isaac Newton4 January 1643 – 31 March 1727English Principia, Calculus
Jacob Bernoulli6 January 1655 – 16 August 1705Swiss Bernoulli Differential Equation, Bernoulli Numbers, Bernoulli's Formula
Johann Bernoulli6 August 1667 – 1 January 1748 Swiss Development of Infinitesimal Calculus, Catenary Solution, Bernoulli's Rule, Bernoulli's Identity
John Napierc. 1550 – 4 April 1617Scottish Logarithms, Napier's Bones, Decimal Notation
John Nash10392American Nash Equilibrium, Nash Embedding Theorem, Nash Functions, Nash–Moser Theorem
John Venn4 August 1834 – 4 April 1923English Venn Diagram
John Von NeumannDecember 28, 1903 – February 8, 1957Hungarian, AmericanPrincipal Member of the Manhattan Project
John Wallis23 November 1616 – 28 October 1703English Wallis Product, Inventing the Symbol ∞
Joseph Fourier21 March 1768 – 16 May 1830FrenchFourier Series, Fourier Transform, Fourier's Law of Conduction
Joseph Louis Lagrange25 January 1736 – 10 April 1813ItalianAnalytical Mechanics, Celestial Mechanics, Mathematical Analysis, Number Theory
Julia RobinsonDecember 8, 1919 – July 30, 1985AmericanDiophantine Equations, Decidability
Kurt GödelApril 28, 1906 – January 14, 1978Austrian, AmericanGödel's Incompleteness Theorems, Gödel's Completeness Theorem,
Leonhard Euler15 April 1707 – 18 September 1783Swiss Euler's Function, Euler's Equation, and Euler's Formula
Liu Huic. 225 AD – c. 295 ADChineseThe Nine Chapters on the Mathematical Art
Luca Paciolic. 1447 – c. 1517ItalianSumma de Arithmetica, De Divina Proportione
Madhavac. 1340 – c. 1425IndianDiscovery of power series expansions of trigonometric sine, cosine and arctangent functions
Maurits Escher17 June 1898 – 27 March 1972DutchDrawing, Printmaking
Niels Henrik Abel5 August 1802 – 6 April 1829NorwegianAbel's Binomial Theorem, Abelian Category, Abelian Variety
Omar Khayyam18 May 1048 – 4 December 1131PersianTreatise on Demonstration of Problems of Algebra
Paul CohenApril 2, 1934 – March 23, 2007AmericanCohen Forcing, Continuum Hypothesis
Pierre De Fermat17 August 1601 – 12 January 1665FrenchNumber Theory, Analytic Geometry, Fermat's Principle, Probability, Fermat's Last Theorem
Pierre-Simon Laplace23 March 1749 – 5 March 1827FrenchLaplace's Equation
Platoc. 424/423 – c. 348/347 BCGreek
Ptolemyc. 90 – c. 168 ADGreco-Egyptian Publishing The Amalgest
Pythagorasc. 570 – c. 495 BCIonian GreekPythagorean Theorem
René Descartes31 March 1596 – 11 February 1650French Analytical Geometry
Sophie Germain1 April 1776 – 27 June 1831French Elasticity Theory, Differential Geometry, Number Theory
Srinivasa Ramanujan22 December 1887 – 26 April 1920IndianLandau–Ramanujan Constant
Thalesc. 624 – c. 546 BCGreekThales' Theorem
William Rowan Hamilton4 August 1805 – 2 September 1865Irish Hamiltonian Mechanics


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