Name | Dates | Nationality | Known For |
---|---|---|---|

Abraham De Moivre | 26 May 1667 – November 27, 1754 | French | De Moivre's formula, Theorem of de Moivre–Laplace |

Ada Lovelace | 10 December 1815 – 27 November 1852 | English | Analytical Engine |

Al-Khwarizmi | c. 780 – c. 850 AD | Iranian | Treatises on Algebra and Indian Numerals |

Alan Turing | 23 June 1912 – 7 June 1954 | British | Cryptanalysis of the Enigma, Turing machine, Turing test |

Albert Einstein | 14 March 1879 – 18 April 1955 | German | General Relativity and Special Relativity |

Albertus Magnus | before 1200 – November 15, 1280 | German | |

Alexander Grothendieck | 28 March 1928 – 13 November 2014 | German-born French | Algebraic Geometry |

Alfred North Whitehead | 15 February 1861 – 30 December 1947 | English | Principia Mathematica |

Andrew Wiles | 19460 | British | Proving Fermat's Last Theorem |

Archimedes | c. 287 BC – c. 212 BC | Greek | Archimedes' Principle, Archimedes' Screw, Hydrostatics, Levers, Infinitesimals |

Aristotle | c. 384 – c. 322 BC | Greek | Golden Mean, Aristotelian Logic, Syllogism, Hexis, Hylomorphism, Theory of the soul |

Arthur Cayley | 16 August 1821 – 26 January 1895 | British | Algebraic Geometry, Group Theory, Cayley–Hamilton Theorem, Cayley–Dickson Construction |

Aryabhata | c. 476 – c. 550 CE | Indian | Explanation of Lunar Eclipse and Solar Eclipse, Rotation of Earth on its Axis |

Augustin-Louis Cauchy | 21 August 1789 – 23 May 1857 | French | Pioneer of Analysis |

Augustus De Morgan | 27 June 1806 – 18 March 1871 | British | De Morgan's Laws, De Morgan Algebra, Relation Algebra, Universal Algebra |

Benjamin Banneker | November 9, 1731 – October 9, 1806 | American | |

Bernhard Riemann | September 17, 1826 – July 20, 1866 | German | Contributions to Analysis, Number Theory, Differential Geometry |

Bertrand Russell | 18 May 1872 – 2 February 1970 | British | Multiple Things |

Blaise Pascal | 19 June 1623 – 19 August 1662 | French | Pascal's Wager, Pascal's Triangle, Pascal's Law, Pascal's Theorem |

Brahmagupta | c. 598–c.670 AD | Indian | Zero, Modern Number System |

Brook Taylor | 18 August 1685 – 29 December 1731 | English | Taylor's Theorem |

Carl Friedrich Gauss | 30 April 1777 – 23 February 1855 | German | Multiple Things |

Charles Babbage | 26 December 1791 – 18 October 1871 | English | Father of Computer |

Daniel Bernoulli | 8 February 1700 – 17 March 1782 | Swiss | Bernoulli's Principle |

David Hilbert | 23 January 1862 – 14 February 1943 | German | Hilbert's Basis Theorem, Hilbert's Axioms, Hilbert's Problems, Hilbert's Program, Einstein–Hilbert Action, Hilbert Space |

Democritus | c. 460 – c. 370 BC | Ancient Greek | |

Diophantus | c. 250 – c. 350 AD | Greek | Arithmetica |

Edmund Halley | 8 November 1656 – 14 January 1742 | English | Halley's Comet |

Edward Lorenz | 23 May 1917 – 16 April 2008 | American | Chaos Theory, Lorenz Attractor, Butterfly Effect |

Edward Witten | 18866 | American | String Theory, M-Theory, Quantum Gravity, Quantum Field Theory, Supersymmetry |

Emanuel Lasker | December 24, 1868 – January 11, 1941 | German | Mathematical Analysis of Card Games |

Eratosthenes | c. 276 BC – c. 194 BC | Greek | First Person to Calculate the Circumference of the Earth |

Euclid | Mid-4th century BC – Mid-3rd century BC | Greek | Euclidean Geometry, Euclid's Elements, Euclidean Algorithm |

Évariste Galois | 25 October 1811 – 31 May 1832 | French | Work on the Theory of Equations and Abelian Integrals |

Felix Klein | 25 April 1849 – 22 June 1925 | German | Works in Group Theory, Complex Analysis, Non-Euclidean Geometry |

Filippo Brunelleschi | c. 1377 – April 15, 1446 | Italian | Dome of Santa Maria del Fiore |

G.H. Hardy | February 1877 – 1 December 1947 | English | Hardy-Weinberg Principle, Hardy–Ramanujan Asymptotic Formula |

Gaspard Monge | 9 May 1746 – 28 July 1818 | French | Descriptive Geometry |

Georg Cantor | March 3, 1845 – January 6, 1918 | German | Set Theory |

George Boole | 2 November 1815 – 8 December 1864 | English | Boolean Algebra |

Giuseppe Peano | 27 August 1858 – 20 April 1932 | Italian | Peano Axioms, Peano Curve, Peano Existence Theorem, Formulario Mathematico, Latino Sine Flexione |

Gottfried Leibniz | July 1, 1646 – November 14, 1716 | German | Calculus, Monads, Best of all Possible Worlds, Leibniz Formula for π, Leibniz Harmonic Triangle |

Gottlob Frege | 8 November 1848 – 26 July 1925 | German | Principle of Compositionality, Quantification Theory, Predicate Calculus |

Grace Murray Hopper | December 9, 1906 – January 1, 1992 | American | Invented First Compiler |

Grigori Perelman | 24271 | Russian | Riemannian Geometry, Geometric Topology, Proof of the Poincaré Conjecture |

Henri Poincaré | 29 April 1854 – 17 July 1912 | French | Poincaré Conjecture |

Heron Of Alexandria | c. 10 – c. 70 AD | Greek | Aeolipile |

Hipparchus | c. 190 – c. 120 BC | Greek | Founder of Trigonometry |

Isaac Newton | 4 January 1643 – 31 March 1727 | English | Principia, Calculus |

Jacob Bernoulli | 6 January 1655 – 16 August 1705 | Swiss | Bernoulli Differential Equation, Bernoulli Numbers, Bernoulli's Formula |

Johann Bernoulli | 6 August 1667 – 1 January 1748 | Swiss | Development of Infinitesimal Calculus, Catenary Solution, Bernoulli's Rule, Bernoulli's Identity |

John Napier | c. 1550 – 4 April 1617 | Scottish | Logarithms, Napier's Bones, Decimal Notation |

John Nash | 10392 | American | Nash Equilibrium, Nash Embedding Theorem, Nash Functions, Nash–Moser Theorem |

John Venn | 4 August 1834 – 4 April 1923 | English | Venn Diagram |

John Von Neumann | December 28, 1903 – February 8, 1957 | Hungarian, American | Principal Member of the Manhattan Project |

John Wallis | 23 November 1616 – 28 October 1703 | English | Wallis Product, Inventing the Symbol ∞ |

Joseph Fourier | 21 March 1768 – 16 May 1830 | French | Fourier Series, Fourier Transform, Fourier's Law of Conduction |

Joseph Louis Lagrange | 25 January 1736 – 10 April 1813 | Italian | Analytical Mechanics, Celestial Mechanics, Mathematical Analysis, Number Theory |

Julia Robinson | December 8, 1919 – July 30, 1985 | American | Diophantine Equations, Decidability |

Kurt Gödel | April 28, 1906 – January 14, 1978 | Austrian, American | Gödel's Incompleteness Theorems, Gödel's Completeness Theorem, |

Leonhard Euler | 15 April 1707 – 18 September 1783 | Swiss | Euler's Function, Euler's Equation, and Euler's Formula |

Liu Hui | c. 225 AD – c. 295 AD | Chinese | The Nine Chapters on the Mathematical Art |

Luca Pacioli | c. 1447 – c. 1517 | Italian | Summa de Arithmetica, De Divina Proportione |

Madhava | c. 1340 – c. 1425 | Indian | Discovery of power series expansions of trigonometric sine, cosine and arctangent functions |

Maurits Escher | 17 June 1898 – 27 March 1972 | Dutch | Drawing, Printmaking |

Niels Henrik Abel | 5 August 1802 – 6 April 1829 | Norwegian | Abel's Binomial Theorem, Abelian Category, Abelian Variety |

Omar Khayyam | 18 May 1048 – 4 December 1131 | Persian | Treatise on Demonstration of Problems of Algebra |

Paul Cohen | April 2, 1934 – March 23, 2007 | American | Cohen Forcing, Continuum Hypothesis |

Pierre De Fermat | 17 August 1601 – 12 January 1665 | French | Number Theory, Analytic Geometry, Fermat's Principle, Probability, Fermat's Last Theorem |

Pierre-Simon Laplace | 23 March 1749 – 5 March 1827 | French | Laplace's Equation |

Plato | c. 424/423 – c. 348/347 BC | Greek | |

Ptolemy | c. 90 – c. 168 AD | Greco-Egyptian | Publishing The Amalgest |

Pythagoras | c. 570 – c. 495 BC | Ionian Greek | Pythagorean Theorem |

René Descartes | 31 March 1596 – 11 February 1650 | French | Analytical Geometry |

Sophie Germain | 1 April 1776 – 27 June 1831 | French | Elasticity Theory, Differential Geometry, Number Theory |

Srinivasa Ramanujan | 22 December 1887 – 26 April 1920 | Indian | Landau–Ramanujan Constant |

Thales | c. 624 – c. 546 BC | Greek | Thales' Theorem |

William Rowan Hamilton | 4 August 1805 – 2 September 1865 | Irish | Hamiltonian Mechanics |