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Famous Greek Mathematicians – Pioneers of Mathematics in Ancient Greece

There is a significant contribution made by Ancient Greeks to the field mathematicians from fundamentals of geometry to the idea of formal proof. Greek mathematician also contributed importantly to ideas on number theory, mathematical analysis, applied mathematics, and, at times, approached close to integral calculus. Here are some of Famous Greek Mathematicians.

- Archimedes

Considered as the one of the greatest mathematician of All times, Archimedes used the method of exhaustion to calculate the area under the arc of a parabola with the summation of an infinite series. He also gave accurate approximation of pi.

- Democritus

Democritus was one of the first to observe that a cone or pyramid has one-third the volume of a cylinder or prism respectively with the same base and height. Almost none of his works survives now.

- Diophantus

Diophantus wrote Arithmetica which is the most prominent work on Algebra in Greek Mathematics.

- Eratosthenes

Eratosthenes was the first person to use the geography. He invented the system of longitude and latitude.

- Euclid

Known as the father of geometry, Euclid’s Elements has been used as the main text for teaching history of mathematics from its publication till 20th century.

- Hipparchus

One of the prominent astronomer, geographer and mathematician of ancient Greece. Hipparchus is considered the founder of trigonometry, but is more famous for his discovery of precession of the equinoxes.

- Heron Of Alexandria

Well known for description of his steam powered device called Hero Engine. Heron of Alexandria is famous for his inventions of windwheel, constituting the earliest instance of wind harnessing on land.

- Ptolemy

Mathematician, astrologer and poet, Ptolemy wrote many treatise which were later used by European and Muslim Scientists.

- Pythagoras

Pythagoras has commonly been given credit for discovering the Pythagorean theorem, a theorem =that states that in a right-angled triangle the area of the square on the hypotenuse (the side opposite the right angle) is equal to the sum of the areas of the squares of the other two sides.

- Thales

Thales used geometry to solve problems such as calculating the height of pyramids and the distance of ships from the shore. He is credited with the first use of deductive reasoning applied to geometry, by deriving four corollaries to Thales’ Theorem.

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Top 10 Indian Mathematicians and their Contributions


It is no doubt that the world today is greatly indebted to the contributions made by Indian mathematicians. One of the most important contribution made by them was the introduction of decimal system as well as the invention of zero. Here are some the famous Indian mathematicians dating back from Indus Valley civilization and Vedas to Modern times.

- Aryabhata

Aryabhata worked on the place value system using letters to signify numbers and stating qualities. He discovered the position of nine planets and stated that these planets revolve around the sun. He also stated the correct number of days in a year that is 365.

- Brahmagupta

The most significant contribution of Brahmagupta was the introduction of zero(0) to the mathematics which stood for “nothing”.

- Srinivasa Ramanujan

Srinivasa Ramanujan is one of the celebrated Indian mathematicians. His important contributions to the field include Hardy-Ramanujan-Littlewood circle method in number theory, Roger-Ramanujan’s identities in partition of numbers, work on algebra of inequalities, elliptic functions, continued fractions, partial sums and products of hypergeometric series.

- P.C. Mahalanobis

Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis is the founder of Indian Statistical Institute as well as the National Sample Surveys for which he gained international recognition.

- C.R. Rao

Calyampudi Radhakrishna Rao, popularly known as C R Rao is a well known statistician, famous for his “theory of estimation”.

- D. R. Kaprekar

D. R. Kaprekar discovered several results in number theory, including a class of numbers and a constant named after him. Without any formal mathematical education he published extensively and was very well known in recreational mathematics cricle.

- Harish Chandra

Harish Chandra is famously known for infinite dimensional group representation theory.

- Satyendranath Bose

Known for his collaboration with Albert Einstein. He is best known for his work on quantum mechanics in the early 1920s, providing the foundation for Bose–Einstein statistics and the theory of the Bose–Einstein condensate.

- Bhāskara
Bhāskara was the one who declared that any number divided by zero is infinity and that the sum of any number and infinity is also infinity. He is also famous for his book “Siddhanta Siromani”.

- Narendra Karmarkar
Narendra Karmarkar is known for his Karmarkar’s algorithm. He is listed as an highly cited researcher by Institute for Scientific Information.